Stadium Roof Inspired by a Leaf ..and Other Winners from Australia’s Most Innovative Engineers 2020
The brightest engineers improving our world have been recognised by create’s Australia’s Most Innovative Engineers 2020 awards.
30 engineers were awarded across 10 categories including building & construction, community, utilities, manufacturing & automation and more. The innovations tackle some of the world’s biggest challenges to improve process, safety, sustainability, and efficiency.
“Innovations ranged from macro-scale pieces of infrastructure like railway stations and sports stadiums, to micro-scale technology like atomically thin materials,” says Engineers Australia CEO Dr Bronwyn Evans.
Here’s a closer look at the winners:
Pandanus Leaf-Inspired Cantilevered Stadium Roof
Scott Rathie, Senior Structural Engineer, Arup
Category: Building & Construction
Inspired by the leaf of a pandanus tree, Rathie developed an innovative structural system for Queensland Country Bank Stadium. Rathie first experimented using origami to mimic the behaviour of the leaf and develop it into a workable solution for the stadium roof.
The result was the use of folded plates to stiffen the cantilevered roof instead of using trusses, whilst still providing enough strength to withstand cyclonic winds.
This solution eliminated the need for horizontal ties on the outside of the roof, which allowed the design to satisfy the architectural intent of creating the stadium’s emblematic “kites” cladded on the roof backstays.
Rapid Construction of Central Station Northern Colonnade and Canopy
Michael Chernyavsky, Senior Structural Engineer, Aurecon
Category: Building & Construction
Works to upgrade Sydney’s Central Station for the new metro have continued whilst the station remains almost fully operational, posing a range of construction and engineering challenges.
Chernyavsky and his team engineered a solution to construct the new northern colonnade and canopy over a major thoroughfare without impacting pedestrians entering and exiting Australia’s busiest train station. They designed precast concrete colonnade and steel-framed roof segments that could be rapidly installed during a 4-hour window at night whilst train services have stopped.
“By designing prefab components with four simple connections for rapid on-site installation, we eliminated the need for temporary works or falsework that would otherwise interfere with commuters,” Chernyavsky told This Is Construction.
AI-Powered Camera for Moving Plant Blind Spots
Dr Nathan Kirchner, CTO, Presien
Category: Oil, Gas & Mining
Borne out of Laing O’Rourke’s R&D team, Kirchner and the team at Presien have developed an AI-powered camera with computer vision to identify workers in blind spots of moving plant and equipment.
The camera is connected wirelessly to alarm systems that alert the driver and any other team members of the workers presence through visual, audio and haptic feedback.
Toolbox Spotter has been trained by over 100,000 hours of video footage of worksites to learn how to identify workers and their behaviour.
“Toolbox Spotter sees objects, understands what they are, and what actions to take, seamlessly and in real-time, with no special tags or markers or changes in normal site operating procedures,” the company told This Is Construction.
Robotic Crawler for Rock Tunnel Safety Inspections
Daniel Rechichi, Senior Engineer ROV Design, The Water Corporation
Rechichi developed a battery-powered robotic crawler that can enter tunnels as small as 1.6 m in diameter to conduct a safety assessment prior to worker entry.
The crawler assists crews entering unlined rock tunnels by allowing them to first inspect the tunnel remotely via high quality cameras. It then accompanies crews into the tunnel and provides lights, power, cameras, communications and safety equipment.
The crawler has four-wheel drive, an articulated body for tight cornering and can even clear small boulders and debris with its hydraulic blade.
Optimisation Software to Reduce Energy Use of Building Plant
Iain Stewart, Founder, Exergenics
Category: Building & Construction
Through clever application of machine learning to collect and analyse data Stewart has developed software that creates digital twins of chilled plant. This allows building operators to test various control strategies under a range of scenarios.
An optimisation algorithm extracts the ideal equipment loading for all possible cooling loads and ambient weather conditions.
Combined with IoT (Internet of Things) equipment sensors, the software allows real-time optimisation and performance tracking to reduce CO2 emissions by up to 35,000 kg/year for a typical large office building.
An Automated Model to Identify High-Risk Water Leaks
Nicholas Deeks, Technical Director Hydrology, GHD
Hunter Water Corporation approached GHD looking for a solution to high-pressure water mains leaks. 20 large leaks occur per year risking property damage, road flooding and water service interruption.
Deeks developed a solution by creating software to automatically apply data into multiple scenarios to identify the highest risk areas. By applying the algorithm to spatial data for the entire Hunter region, the equivalent of 57,000 2D models could be created to process 35 billion flood hazard combinations.
This created a database of potential consequences for every water main segment, allowing Hunter Water to identify the high-risk mains that required extra monitoring, renewal or replacement.
“Traditional manual methods used to build each ﬂood model aren’t possible for 57,000 models. So I needed GIS tools and processes to automate the build,” says Deeks.
Dr Shuaiwen Leon Song, Senior Lecturer, University of Sydney
AI-powered accelerator system for cloud-based immersive VR experiences.
Meg Panozzo, Engineer, Arup & Founder, ConnectSTEM
ConnectSTEM is a membership program that facilitates education, collaborative partnerships, and storytelling to address gender imbalance in engineering.
Dr Anusha Withana Lecturer, University of Sydney & Inventor, Tacttoo
Thin, flexible and disposable electronic tattoo for the vision impaired that generates a high-resolution tactile sensation on the skin.
Jeffrey Fisher, Data Scientist, Advanced Analytics and AI Solutions, GHD Digital
Novel neural network framework to predict localised rainfall and estimate the probability of sewer pump station overﬂow up to six hours in advance.
Bradley Hocking, Program Lead, Asset Management Systems, Shoal Group Pty Ltd
An asset management system framework (AMSF) that provides consistent asset information and optimises organisational asset management aligned with the International Organization for Standardization’s ISO55001.
Electronics and Communications
Dr Nitu Syed, Research Fellow, RMIT University
A new way of synthesising atomically thin sheets of piezoelectric gallium phosphate using ultra-thin gallium phosphate ﬁlm and a low-temperature liquid metal printing technique.
Sruthi Kuriakose, PhD candidate, RMIT University
Replacing silicon for electronic and opto-electronic gadgets with alternate materials to downscale key electronic device components and create synthetic sensory organs like artiﬁcial retina.
Stephen Bornstein, CEO, Cyborg Dynamics Engineering
Artificially intelligent system that can identify protected objects, people and symbols, such as hospitals, in near real-time for military operations using computer vision at very high probabilities.
Dr Kyaw Lwin, Overhead Wiring Design & Review Lead, Metro Trains Melbourne
Lwin contributed to several overhead wiring innovations on Melbourne Metro’s Caulfield to Dandenong section.
This included the development of Melbourne’s first 66 kV insulator overhead wiring cantilever arrangement, eliminating the need for protective bonding cables and reducing material usage and installation times.
In addition, Lwin and his team developed the first braced dual anchor mast arrangement, and Melbourne’s first use of a Tensorex spring tensioning anchor system for overhead catenary and contact wires, resulting in a sturdy and compact anchor assembly requiring no heavy weights or guide rods.
Stacey Daniel, Founder, Board Presence
Developed a range of tools to encourage engineers to sit on corporate boards, to help improve evidence-based decision-making and to work towards achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
Anne Koopmann-Schmidt, Founder, Lead Like You
Created a program called Strengths in Diversity that fosters a diverse culture in organisations by focusing on talent and shifting focus away from characteristics such as age, gender and cultural background.
Manufacturing & Automation
Dr Farshid Pahlevani, Senior Research Fellow, University of New South Wales
World-ﬁrst, single-step recycling process that transforms steelmaking slag and coffee waste into a sustainable source of agricultural phosphorus, which could deliver globally signiﬁcant environmental and economic beneﬁts.
Brett Casson, Founder, Retraction Footwear
World’s ﬁrst commercially available fully 3D-printed thong to reduce waste and improve comfort.
Adolfo Fernandez, Technical Director, Aurecon
Designed a program that incentivises carbon savings, provides mechanisms for buildings to self-optimise energy consumption, creates a commercial model where projects are funded by operational savings and enables a platform where researchers have a testbed for innovation.
Mining, Oil & Gas
Kevin Chong, Specialist Reliability Electrical Engineer (RioExpert), Rio Tinto
Designed and implemented a data visualisation and analytics platform that brought together asset condition data into a single online platform for condition monitoring and identifcation of early signs of asset failure.
Professor Jun Huang, Professor, University of Sydney
Produced a new amorphous silica-alumina catalyst with stronger acidity than any other silica-alumina material created before to reduce the amount of coke left behind in hydrocarbon production and further decrease carbon dioxide emissions from coke-burning during oil reﬁnement.
Research & Academia
Dr Michael Mortimer, Industry Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Deakin University
In collaboration with McLean Care, developed Hector VR, a virtual reality (VR) driving simulator for older drivers that helps them make informed decisions about relinquishing their licence.
Professor Hala Zreiqat, Professor of Biomedical Engineering, University of Sydney
Developed and patented a class of 3D-printable synthetic bone substitutes that are simultaneously bioactive, strong and resorbable capable of healing large bone defects, and withstanding the stresses and strains of weight-bearing parts of the body like the spine.
Dr Benham Akhavan, Research Fellow, University of Sydney
Developed a highly robust plasma coating that mitigates issues associated with firm bone bonding in implants by mimicking the surrounding tissue increasing the likelihood of an implant fusing to the host bone and reducing the chance of rejection or infection.
Dr Qilin Wang, Senior Lecturer, University of Technology Sydney
Developed technology that maximises the energy recovered from wastewater by using a byproduct of the wastewater treatment itself, free ammonia, to produce biogas.
Associate Professor Nicky Eshtiaghi, Associate Professor, RMIT University
Developed an innovative design toolkit to optimise wastewater sludge pipeline systems that can predict pressure drops to an accuracy of 10 per cent.
Dr James Gilbert, Lead Engineer — Advanced Instrumentation & Technology Centre, Australian National University
Led the design and construction of a $2 million precision radial velocity spectrograph for discovering extra-solar planets, called ‘Veloce Rosso.’
Dr Rona Chandrawati, Senior Lecturer, University of New South Wales
Developed enzyme-containing implant technology to locally produce nitric oxide at the right place, in the right dose, and at the right time to aid wound healing, dilating blood vessels, and lowering eye pressure in glaucomatous eyes.
Dr Wenyue Zou, Postdoctoral Researcher, RMIT University
Developed a photoactive ink that generates a unique colour response to specific UV wavelengths to produce low-cost wearable sensors that monitor exposure to UV radiation.
Why Haven't Buildings Become Productised? An Exploration of the Possibilities and Barriers to Buildings of the Future
While increasing populations and urbanisation are leading to rising demand for construction, pushing up revenues, both profits and affordability are decreasing. Cost and time are therefore becoming even more of an imperative for return on investment (ROI) and overall growth. Despite advances in technology, and the emergence of industrialised construction some 60 or so years ago, we are still ‘swinging hammers’ on site, creating buildings that are all unique and bespoke. Why is that?
‘Uber Eats for Construction Materials’: The Aussie App That Delivers Materials and Tools to Site
One app is tackling the problem of unplanned trips to the hardware store - which is estimated to cost around $2 billion in labour and vehicle expenses each year.
‘On-Site Factories’: The Companies Bringing Assembly Line Production to the Construction Site
When you see what these companies are up to, it may be a not-too-distant reality that we see job sites dominated by artificially-intelligent robots roaming around completing tasks that humans once did.
WATCH: The World’s First Height-Adjustable Crane System
The innovative crane system allowed Hutchies to comply with aviation requirements by encroaching into aircraft airspace during the day and lowering the crane at night below the maximum permitted height.
We Are Back With a Brand New Platform and It’s All About YOU
We want to provide a unique, behind-the-scenes insight into Australia’s buildings and infrastructure and share the stories of the industry’s brightest minds - that means YOU!